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污水處理知識


污水處理 (sewage treatment,wastewater treatment):為使污水達到排入某一水體或再次使用的水質要求對其進行凈化的過程。污水處理被廣泛應用于建筑、農業、交通、能源、石化、環保、城市景觀、醫療、餐飲等各個領域,也越來越多地走進尋常百姓的日常生活。下面讓我帶領大家深入了解污水處理的相關知識。

1、什么是生物污水處理法?

SHENGWUCHULIFASHILIYONGWEISHENGWULAIXIFU、FENJIE、YANGHUAWUSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWU,BABUWENDINGDEYOUJIWUJIANGJIEWEIWENDINGWUHAIDEWUZHI,CONGERSHIWUSHUIDEDAOJINGHUA。XIANDAIDESHENGWUCHULIFA,ANZUOYONGWEISHENGWUDEBUTONG,KEFEN“HAOYANGYANGHUA”HE“YANYANGHUANYUAN”LIANGDALEI。QIANZHEGUANGFANYONGYUCHULICHENGSHIWUSHUIHEYOUJIXINGGONGYEFEISHUI。“HAOYANGYANGHUA”YINGYONGJIAOGUANGQIEBAOHANSHENGWUMOFA(BAOHANSHENGWUGUOLVCHI、SHENGWUZHUANPAN)、SHENGWUJIECHUYANGHUA、HUOXINGWUNIFADENGDUOZHONGGONGYIHEGOUZHUWU。SHENGWUCHULIFACHENGBENDILIAN,YINCISHIMUQIANYINGYONGZUIGUANGFANDEWUSHUICHULIFANGFA。

2、什么是廢水處理量和處理質量?

WUSHUICHULILIANGHUOBOD5QUCHUZONGLIANG:MEIRIJINRUWUSHUICHANGCHULIDEZONGWUSHUILIULIANG(YIm3/dJI),KEZUOWEIWUSHUICHANGCHULINENGLIDEYIGEZHIBIAO。MEIRIQUCHUBOD5DEZONGLIANGYIKEZUOWEIWUSHUICHANGCHULINENGLIDEZHIBIAO。QUCHUBOD5ZONGLIANGDENGYUCHULILIULIANGYUJINCHUSHUIBOD5CHAZHIDECHENGJI,YIkg/dHUOt/dWEIDANWEI。

CHULIZHILIANG:ERJIWUSHUICHULICHANGYICHUCHANGDEBOD5YUSSZHIZUOWEICHULIZHILIANGZHIBIAO。ANXINZHIDINGDEWUSHUICHULICHANGCHUSHUIPAIFANGBIAOZHUN,ERJIWUSHUICHULICHANGCHUSHUIBOD5、SSJUNXIAOYU30mg/L。CHULIZHILIANGYEKEYONGQUCHULVLAIHENGLIANG。JINSHUINONGDUJIANCHUSHUINONGDUCHUYIJINSHUINONGDUJIWEIQUCHULV。ANDAN、TPCHUSHUIZHIHUOQUCHULVYEYINGYONGYUCHULIZHILIANGZHIBIAO。

3、什么是pH值及其指示意義?

pHBIAOSHIWUSHUIDESUANJIANCHENGDU。TASHISHUIZHONGQINGLIZINONGDUDAOSHUDEDUISHUZHI,QIFANWEIWEI0~14,pHZHIDENGYU7,ZESHUICHENGZHONGXING,XIAOYU7CHENGSUANXING,SHUZHIYUEXIAO,QISUANXINGYUEQIANG,DAYU7CHENGJIANXING,SHUZHIYUEDA,QIJIANXINGYUEQIANG。WUSHUIZHONGpHZHIDAXIAODUIGUANDAO、SHUIBENG、ZHAFAHEWUSHUICHULIGOUZHUWUYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANG。YISHENGHUOWUSHUIWEIZHUDEWUSHUICHULICHANGDEpHZHI,TONGCHANGWEI7.2~7.8。GUOGAOHUOGUODIDEpHZHI,JUNKEBIAOMINGYOUGONGYEFEISHUIDEJINRU。GUODIDEZHIHUIFUSHIGUANDAO、BENGTIBINGKENENGCHANSHENGWEIHAI。LIRUWUSHUIZHONGDELIUHUAWUHUIZAISUANXINGTIAOJIANXIA,SHENGCHENGH2SQITI。GAONONGDUSHISHICAOZUOGONGZUOTOUTONG、LIUTI、ZHIXISHENZHISIWANG。TONGSHI,SHENGHUACHULIDEpHYUNXUFANWEISHI6~10,GUOGAOHUOGUODIDOUKEYINGXIANGHUOPOHUAISHENGWUCHULI。

4、什么是總固體(TS)?2

SHIZHISHUIYANGZAI100℃WENDUXIA,ZAISHUIYUGUOSHANGZHENGFAZHIGANSUOYULIUDEZONGGUTISHULIANG。TASHIWUSHUIZHONGRONGJIEXINGGUTIHEFEIRONGJIEXINGGUTIDEZONGHE。TAKEFANYINGCHUWUSHUIZHONGGUTIDEZONGNONGDU。TONGGUOJINCHUSHUIGUTIDEFENXIKEFANYINGCHUWUSHUICHULIGOUZHUWUDUIQUCHUZONGGUTIDEXIAOGUO。

5、什么是懸浮固體(SS)?

购彩平台网址 SHIZHIWUSHUIZHONGNENGBEILVQIJIELIUDEGUTIWUZHISHULIANG。XUANFUGUTIYIBUFENZAIYIDINGTIAOJIANXIAKEYICHENDIAN。CEDINGXUANFUGUTITONGCHANGSHIYONGSHIMIANLVCENGGUOLVFAJINXING。ZHUYAOSHEBEIWEIGANGUO。DANGHUAYANSHEBEITIAOJIANBUJUBEISHI,YEKECAIYONGLVZHIZUOWEILVQI,CONGZONGGUTIYURONGJIEGUTIDEJIANCHALAIQIUDEXUANFUGUTILIANG。CEDINGXUANFUGUTISHI,YOUYULVQIBUTONG,CHANGCHANSHENGJIAODACHAYI。

购彩平台网址 GAIXIANGZHIBIAOSHIWUSHUIZUIJIBENDESHUJUZHIYI。CEDINGJINSHUIHECHUCHANGSHUIDEXUANFUGUTI,KEYONGLAIFANYINGWUSHUITONGGUOCHUCHENCHI,ERCHENCHICHULIHOU,XUANFUGUTIJIANSHAODEQINGKUANG,TASHIFANYINGGOUZHUCHENDIANXIAOLVDEZHUYAOYIJU。

6、什么是化學需氧量(COD)?

HUAXUEXUYANGLIANG(JIANCHENGCOD)SHIZHIYONGHUAXUEFANGFAYANGHUAWUSHUIZHONGYOUJIWUSUOXUYAODEYANGHUAJIDEYANGLIANG。YONGGAOMENGSUANJIAZUOYANGHUAJI,CEDEDEJIEGUOXIGUANSHANGJIAOZUOHAOYANGLIANG,YONGOCBIAOSHI。YONGZHONGGESUANJIAZUOYANGHUAJI,CEDEDEJIEGUOCHENGWEIHUAXUEXUYANGLIANGYICODBIAOSHI,ERZHEDEQUBIEZAIYUXUANYONGYANGHUAJIDEBUTONG。YIGAOMENGSUANJIAZUOWEIYANGHUAJI,ZHINENGYANGHUAWUSHUIZHONGDEZHILIANYOUJIHUAHEWU,ERYIZHONGGESUANJIAZUOWEIYANGHUAJI,TADEZUOYONGBIQIANZHEQIANGLIEYUWANQUAN,CHUZHILIANYOUJIHUAHEWUYIWAI,TANENGYANGHUAGAOMENGSUANJIABUNENGYANGHUADEXUDUOJIEGOUFUZADEYOUJIHUAHEWU。YINCI,TONGYIWUSHUICODZHIBIOCZHIDADEDUO。TEBIESHIDANGWUSHUICHANGYOUDALIANGGONGYEFEISHUIJINRUSHI,YIBANDOUYINGCEDEZHONGLUOSUANJIAFADEHUAXUEXUYANGLIANG。CHENGSHIWUSHUICHANGDECODZHIYIBANYUEWEI400~800mg/L。

GAOMENGSUANJIAFADEHAOLIANGZHIZAIWUSHUICHANGZHONGCHANGBEIYONGLAIZUOWEIQUEDINGWURISHENGHUAXUYANGLIANGXISHIBEISHUDECANKAOSHUJU。

7、什么是生化需氧量(BOD)?

SHENGHUAXUYANGLIANG:(JIANCHENGBOD)SHIZHIZAIYOUYANGTIAOJIANXIA,SHUIZHONGDEWEISHENGWUFENJIEYOUJIWUSHISUOXUYAODEYANGLIANG。TASHIYIZHONGJIANJIEBIAOSHIYOUJIWUWURANCHENGDUDEZHIBIAO,YOUJIWUDESHENGHUAYANGHUAFENJIETONGCHANGYOUERGEJIEDUAN,DIYIJIEDUANZHUYAOSHIHANTANYOUJIWUDEYANGHUA,CHENGWEITANHUAJIEDUAN,YUEXU20TIANCAINENGWANCHENG。DIERJIEDUANZHUYAOSHIHANDANYOUJIWUDEYANGHUA、CHENGWEIXIAOHUAJIEDUAN,YUEXU100TIANCAINENGWANCHENG。ZAIGONGRENDEQINGKUANGXIA,YIBANBIAOZHUNZUOFASHIZAI20℃WENDUXIA,PEIYANG5TIAN,JINXINGCEDING,CEDESHUJUCHENGWEIWURISHENGHUAXUYANGLIANG。JIANCHENGBOD5,YINCIBOD5BIAOSHIBUFENHANTANYOUJIWUFENJIEDEXUYANGLIANG,SHENGHUOWUSHUIDEBOD5YINGYUEZAI70%ZUOYOU。

购彩平台网址 WURISHENGHUAXUYANGLIANGDECEDING,SHIQUYUANSHUIYANGHUOJINGGUOSHIDANGXISHIDESHUIYANG,SHIQIHANYOUZUGOUDERONGJIEYANG,YIMANZUWURISHENGHUAXUYANGDEYAOQIU,JIANGCISHUIYANGFENCHENGERFEN,YIFENCEDEDANGTIANDERONGJIEYANGHANLIANG,ERJIANGLINGYIFENFANGRU20℃PEIYANGXIANGNEI,PEIYANG5TIANHOUZAICEDINGQIRONGJIEHANLIANG,LIANGZHEZHICHACHENGSHANGXISHIBEISHUJIWEIBOD5。

BOD5CEDINGGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHENGQUEXUANZEXISHIBEISHUZHIGUANZHONGYAO。TONGCHANGRENWEI,XUANZEDEXISHIBEISHUYINGSHIJINGGUOXISHIDESHUIYANGZAI20℃HENGWENXIANGNEIPEIYANG5TIANHOU,TADERONGJIEYANGJIANSHAOZAI20%~80%SHIJIAOWEISHIDANG。DANSHI,YOUSHICHANGYINBOD5DEXISHIBEISHUZHANGWOBUDANGZAOCHENGSHUZHISHANGDEWUCHA,SHENZHIXISHIBEISHUTAIXIAOERDEBUDAOBOD5DESHUJU。

8、測定BOD的用途?

BODKEFANYINGWUSHUIBEIYOUJIWUWURANDECHENGDU,WUSHUIZHONGSUOHANYOUJIWUYUEDUO,ZEXIAOHAOYANGLIANGYIYUEDUO,BODSHUZHIYEYUEGAO,FANZHIYIRAN。YINCITASHIWUSHUISHUIZHIZHIBIAOZHONGZUIWEIZHONGYAODEYIGE。JINGUANCEDINGBODXUSHIJIAOCHANG、SHUJUBUJISHI,DANBODZHIBIAODAIYOUZONGHEXING——ZONGHEFANYINGYOUJIWUZONGLIANG,MONIXING——MOFANGSHUITIZIJING。YINCIHENNANYONGQITAZHIBIAOLAIDAITI。

DUIYUWUSHUICHULICHANGLAISHUO,BODZHIBIAODEYONGTUWEI:

、FANYINGWUSHUIYOUJIWUNONGDU。RUJINCHANGWUSHUIYOUJIWUNONGDU,CHUCHANGWUSHUIYOUJIWUNONGDU。CHENGSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGJINSHUIBOD5YIBANKEDA150~350mg/L。

购彩平台网址 b、YONGYIBIAOSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGDECHULIXIAOGUO。JIN、CHUSHUIBOD5DEJIANCHACHUYIJINSHUIBOD5JIWEIGAICHANGDEBOD5QUCHULV,SHIZHONGYAODEZHIBIAO。

购彩平台网址 c、WUSHUICHULICHANGDEQUCHUZONGLIANGYUCHUSHUIBOD5,BIAOSHILEZAIWUSHUICHANGZONGDECHULINENGLIYUDUISHUITIHUANJINGDEYINGXIANGLIANG。

d、YONGLAIJISUANCHULIGOUZHUWUDEYUNZHUANCANSHU,RUPUQICHIDEWUNIFUHEBOD5kg(MISS)HUORONGJIFUHEBOD5kg/(m3/d)。

e、FANYINGWUSHUICHULICHANGYUNZHUANDEJISHUJINGJISHUJU,RUCHUQUMEIkgBODHAOYONGDIANLIANG(DU),QUCHUMEIkgBOD5XUYAODEKONGQILIANG。

购彩平台网址 f、HENGLIANGWUSHUIKESHENGHUACHENGDU,DANGBOD5/CODDAYU0.3SHI,SHUOMINGWUSHUIKEYIJINXINGSHENGHUACHULI。XIAOYU0.3SHI,ZENANYISHENGHUACHULI。BIZHIZAI0.5~0.6SHI,SHENGHUAGUOCHENGHENRONGYIJINXING。

YOUCIKEJIAN,CEDINGBOD5DEYONGCHUHENDA,TASHIWUSHUICHULICHANGZUIZHONGYAODEYIGECEDINGXIANGMU。DANCEDINGSUOXUSHIJIANJIAOCHANG,BUNENGJISHICHUSHUJU。CODDEHUAYANFANYINGWUSHUIZHONGYOUJIWUBEIYANGHUAJIYANGHUASUOXUYANGLIANG,TADESHUJUZHIJIEJINYUQUANBUYOUJIWUDEXUYANGLIANG。YINCITAYEYOUJIAODAYONGCHU,ERQIECODCEDINGSHIJIANDUAN,YIBANCHENGSHIWUSHUICHANGCOD﹥BOD,RUGUOWUSHUIZHONGYOUJIWUZHONGLEIBIANHUAJIAOSHAO,ZECODYUBODYOUYIDINGDEXIANGHUGUANXI,YINCIJIUKEYONGDANGTIANDECODLAIYUCEBOD5ZHI。

◆GENJUGECHENGSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGDEYUNZHUANSHUJU,TONGCHANGSSYUBOD5ZAISHUZHISHANGDAZHIXIANGFANGHUOZHELVEWEIGAOXIE。RUSHANGHAIGEWUSHUICHANGDESSBIBOD5ZAISHUZHISHANGPINGJUNGAOCHU50mg/LZUOYOU。

◆ZAIJINCHANGWUSHUIZHONGRUFAXIANBOD5YUSSCHENGBEIZENGCHANG,ZEKENENGYOUGAONONGDUDEYOUJIFEISHUILIURUHUOZHEFENBIANDALIANGJINCHANG。ZHEYANGJIANGHUIZENGJIACHULIFUHE。SHICHULIXIAOLVJIANGDI,SHENZHIHUANHUIZUSAIGUANDAO,BIXUZHUICHAYUANYIN,CAIQUCUOSHI。

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